1.2 Bladder Exstrophy/Epispadias

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Exstrophy-Epispadias Complex (EEC):

Exstrophy-Epispadias Complex (EEC) represents a spectrum of genitourinary malformations ranging in severity from epispadias (E) and classical bladder exstrophy (CEB) to exstrophy of the cloaca (EC) as the most severe form. Depending on severity, the EEC may involve the urinary system, the musculoskeletal system, the pelvis, the pelvic floor, the abdominal wall, the genitalia and sometimes the spine and the anus.  Orphanet Definition & Summary (ORPHA:322)

Bladder Exstrophy:

A congenital genitourinary malformation belonging to the spectrum of the exstrophy-epispadias complex (EEC) and is characterized by an evaginated bladder plate, epispadias and an anterior defect of the pelvis, pelvic floor and abdominal wall. Orphanet Definition & Summary (ORPHA:93930)

Cloacal Exstrophy:

A major birth defect representing the severe end of the spectrum of the exstrophy-epispadias complex (EEC) characterized by omphalocele, exstrophy, imperforate anus and spinal defects (also referred to as the OEIS complex), often associated with other malformations. Orphanet Definition & Summary (ORPHA:93929)

Isolated Epispadias:

A congenital genitourinary malformation belonging to the spectrum of the exstrophy-epispadias complex (EEC) and is characterized in males by an ectopic meatus or a mucosal strip in place of the urethra on the penile dorsum and in females by bifid clitoris and a variable cleft of the urethra. Orphanet Definition & Summary (ORPHA:93928)

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